Depending on the type of collision and the severity of the impact, car accidents can cause injuries to almost every part of the body.

When your car is hit by another vehicle, the impact will cause your body to move inside the car.

This movement can cause traumatic injuries regardless of the protection your car has, such as seat belts and airbags. Being restrained by a seat belt or airbag deployment can cause certain injuries and prevent others.

If a vehicle is moving when it hits something, the impact usually stops the car while your body is still moving. This can cause your body to injure itself against the interior of the vehicle. If someone is not wearing a seat belt, he or she can be shot through the windshield.


Head-on collisions in which both cars are constantly moving cause serious injuries, even death.

Any time any part of your body hits an object, or the force of the impact unusually shakes your body, you can suffer traumatic injuries.

Most parts of your body can be injured during a crash, and many will require immediate medical attention.

Some injuries caused by traffic accidents can heal with treatment in a matter of weeks or months, while others can change your life dramatically.

The most serious injuries are those that affect physical and cognitive abilities, or that leave the victim with permanent sequelae.

While the list of possible car accident-related injuries could be endless, the following are some brief descriptions of the most common injuries following a car accident.

Hand and Foot Injuries

The extremities are fundamental parts of the body as they allow us to walk and carry out daily tasks. A car accident can cause broken bones, as well as sprained wrists, hands, fingers, feet or ankles.

Such injuries require medical attention and can prevent you from working for a while while the injuries heal.

Leg and Knee Injuries

While your legs and knees are essential to moving around daily, several parts can be injured and prevent you from walking normally.

An accident can cause your legs to stretch in an unnatural way, which can also damage soft tissues. It can lead to sprains, torn ligaments, tendons or muscles.

It’s very common for a victim’s knees to hit the dashboard of a car hard, even if the person is belted in.

Many knee injuries, including menisci, require surgery and months of recovery. Some of these injuries can limit the physical ability for the rest of one’s life.

Abdominal injuries

The abdomen is a large part of the body that houses certain important organs.

In a traffic accident, the spleen, liver, kidneys, or gastrointestinal organs can rupture. It can also cause fractures of the pelvis, hips or lower spine.

This can be extremely painful and take a long time to heal. These injuries can be particularly severe in older adults, with some requiring hip replacement or other surgical procedures for recovery.

Chest Injuries

Many of our vital organs are in the chest, protected by the ribcage. Even so, many victims of car accidents suffer trauma in this area, which can lead to broken ribs or serious organ damage.

Victims can suffer lung punctures, heart damage, and even cardiac arrest. Internal injuries can result in bleeding into the chest cavity.

Many of these injuries are life-threatening and require emergency medical attention.

Neck and back injuries

The neck and back are essential in every daily movement as they support the head and torso.

When a part of the neck or back is injured, it can be extremely painful and drastically limit natural movement.

Soft tissue damage to the neck can be classified as «whiplash. Although whiplash has historically been a notoriously exaggerated injury in automobile accident cases, attorneys know that whiplash and its effects are very serious.

However, in a car accident, not only can the neck be injured, but also the back, causing muscle sprains, dislocations, fractures, and disc injuries. Back injuries can prevent you from working, lifting your children or objects, or even walking.

You may need to stop your favorite activities, such as exercising, playing sports, playing with your children, or even helping around the house.

Neck and back injuries may require physical therapy, medication, or even surgery.

Brain Injuries

Damage to brain tissue can be caused by a direct impact on the head or even by a sudden jolt that causes the brain to hit the skull.

When these tissues are damaged, this can affect all functions of that part of the brain, leaving victims with cognitive, behavioral or physical sequelae. Some may even completely change a person’s personality and appearance.

Head injury

The head contains many parts that can be injured by sudden trauma.

Hitting your head can cause a skull fracture, which can result in a brain injury and even permanent deformity.

Victims of these accidents can suffer facial fractures in the same way, including the nose, cheekbones or jaw.

Some fractures require corrective surgery that results in changes in the victim’s appearance. Jaw fractures can cause the patient to have a closed jaw for weeks or months, limiting the ability to eat or speak as usual.

Traumatic brain injury can cause eye damage and partial vision loss, leading to lifelong disabilities. Car accident victims may also suffer dental damage requiring several surgeries and expensive implants.